With the Lgs. Decree 102 of 4 July 2014, Italy implemented the Directive 2012/27/EU on Energy Efficiency: the national objective is the reduction of 20 million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent (TOE) of primary energy consumption by the end of 2020. According to the Decree, organisations are obliged to conduct energy audits and are encouraged to adopt the Energy Management System according to regulation ISO 50001.
With the Italian Legislative Decree n. 102 of 4 July 2014 (Official Journal General Series n.165 of 18 July 2014) Italy incorporated Directive 2012/27/EU on Energy Efficiency.
Art. 8 of the Italian Legislative Decree 102 specifies the subjects obliged to carry out energy audits by 5 December 2015 (and then every 4 years) on their own production sites:
According to MISE (Italian Ministry of Economic Development) Clarifications– November 2016, large companies are those organisations that meet the conditions outlined below:
Conditions verified during the two previous years.
The new definition of energy-consuming company implies that not only absolute consumption of energy vectors be taken into account, but also the incidence of the cost of energy on the company’s overall turnover.
The provision establishes that companies with a total energy cost higher than 3% of the turnover be eligible for tax breaks.
Instead, the electric consumption intensity index is fixed at 2%, or the ratio between costs of electricity and turnover beyond which companies will be able to enjoy reductions in the system charges in electric bills (especially those for the Renewable Energy Sources). And the higher this ratio, the greater the reductions will be. The 2.4 GWh annual threshold of volumes consumed remains valid, below which the companies will not have rights to reductions.
Condition verified during the previous year.
Production site is intended as a geographically defined location where a good is produced and/or a service is provided, and where the use of energy is under the control of the company.
The company, comprising n sites, all of which are under a single VAT number, or the group of companies that present a single consolidated balance sheet, or the group of associated or connected companies, has the possibility to carry out the Audit only on a significant group of their own sites.
The Energy Audit is a systematic survey of the uses of the energy on the site, in the building or of the system being analysed, with the objective to define, in terms of the energy flows, the opportunities to reduce energy costs through management, installation, and structural interventions.
The Energy Audit is the tool for analysing the framework of a business’s energy management (industrial, service, primary and tertiary) and represents a systematic assessment of how energy is being used from the point of acquisition to the end use. ENEA (Italian agency for new technologies, energy, and sustainable economic development) has deemed it useful to establish an operational procedure relative to the Energy Audit that makes it possible:
Those exempt from the obligation of conducting the energy audits every four years but not from sending it to ENEA (Italian agency for new technologies, energy, and sustainable economic development) are the companies with EMAS, ISO 50001 or EN ISO 14001 voluntary management systems, including an energy audit in conformity with the requirements of Annex 2 of the Italian Legislative Decree 102/2014.
The report must contain the following paragraphs:
The companies obliged to conduct energy audits and fail to do so are subjected to being charged a pecuniary administrative sanction between 4,000 and 40,000 euro. When the audit is not conducted in conformity with the prescriptions outlined in Article 8, the company may be required to pay a pecuniary administrative sanction between 2,000 and 20,000 euro.
Paying of the sanction does not exempt the company from having to conduct the audit.
ECO offers a service structured in phases designed to provide organisations:
It is strongly advised that a campaign be conducted for at least 3 weeks on suitably identified electrical panels during a Kick Off Meeting, where the main users will be present for the purposes of fulfilling the minimum requirements as specified by ENEA. Monitoring tools to be installed on sites will be provided; the installation and removal of these tools will be the responsibility of the Client, with the support of our technicians. The network analysers will be installed near an electrical panel and will monitor the relative electrical charges.
The Energy Audit technical proposal consists of 6 phases that will follow the Kick Off Meeting in the order presented below: